A Case Study of the Use of Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) in Singapore History Classrooms (71476)

Session Information: Teaching Experiences, Pedagogy, Practice & Praxis
Session Chair: Sitthiwat Saripan

Thursday, 23 November 2023 16:15
Session: Session 5
Room: Room 605
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Inquiry-based learning (IBL) engenders active involvement of students in constructing new knowledge through the process of deepening learning, gaining global traction amongst educational systems and educators. Yet, despite curriculum resources supporting the enactment of IBL in Singapore history classrooms since 2013 coupled with professional development training provided for most History teachers prior to and during the implementation of the respective syllabuses, the use of IBL remains uneven and inconsistent in History classrooms because of perceived curriculum time constraints and teacher beliefs.

As the use of IBL specifically in History classrooms is relatively unexplored, this study postulated 2 research questions: a) How is inquiry-based learning (IBL) enacted in the Secondary History classrooms and b) What are the enablers and impediments to the use of IBL these classrooms?

A qualitative case study approach using semi-structured interviews and classroom observations as the primary data collection instrument was employed. Using Dedoose, data was analysed using thematic analysis and a combination of inductive and deductive approaches.

Findings showed strong teacher belief in inquiry as a key pedagogy in the history classroom. However, they still relied largely on didactic teaching despite planning and designing their lessons around inquiry. The findings provided clarity on the nature of struggles faced in implementing, and their roles in mitigating some of these challenges confronting them. These findings could also inform the design of instructional materials such as teaching and learning guides and professional development workshops to better support teachers in their use of IBL in the History classrooms.

Valerie Shu Hsien Keh, Ministry of Education Singapore, Singapore
Noel Tiong Puay Ong, Ministry of Education Singapore, Singapore

About the Presenter(s)
Ms Valerie Keh is currently a Senior Specialist of Humanities in the Ministry of Education, Singapore

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00