Teaching Work-Energy-Power Using the 4MAT Teaching Model Integrating PhET Simulations: Effects on Students’ Conceptual Understanding and Motivation (73862)

Session Information: Teaching Experiences, Pedagogy, Practice & Praxis
Session Chair: Cara Luz Buar

Thursday, 23 November 2023 12:10
Session: Session 2
Room: Room 605
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

This study evaluated the effects of utilizing a researcher-developed instructional material based on integrating PhET simulations to 4MAT (4 Modes Application Technique) teaching model on the conceptual understanding and motivation of students in Work-Energy-Power (WEP), through an online class setting. Sequential explanatory design was used where quantitative and qualitative data gathering and analysis methods were utilized. Quasi-experimental design was employed where intact classes were assigned as control group and experimental group. A conceptual test questionnaire in WEP and RIMMS questionnaire were adopted to measure students’ conceptual understanding and motivation. Pre-test and post-test were administered to both groups. The test results were compared using T-test for dependent samples (within groups) and T-test for independent samples (between groups). Participants were interviewed about their experiences on using the simulations.
Results showed that both groups’ conceptual understanding have improved but the experimental group’s post-test mean score is significantly higher, (p<0.001). Cohen’s effect size value (d=1.96) is large which means that the intervention greatly affects students’ conceptual understanding. Furthermore, the experimental group’s motivation is significantly higher based on students’ attention, relevance, confidence, and satisfaction (p<0.001) scores. Effect sizes in all four attributes are large. The experiences that were reported by the students when using the PhET sims include the themes; conceptual understanding, motivation, retention, and instructional support. It is concluded that the 4MAT teaching model integrating PhET simulations improves students’ conceptual understanding and motivation. Also, students’ experiences suggest that PhET sims enhances retention, and instructional support is important in extending the effectiveness of the simulations.

Cara Luz Buar, University of San Carlos, Philippines
Rolando Obiedo, University of San Carlos, Philippines

About the Presenter(s)
Ms Cara Luz Buar is a University Doctoral Student at University of San Carlos in Philippines

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00