Pro-poor or Anti-poor: Household Income and Public Preschool Attendance in China (74493)

Session Information: Primary & Secondary Education
Session Chair: Ma. Venus Lacno

Friday, 24 November 2023 10:55
Session: Session 2
Room: Room 708
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

The difficulty of attending public kindergartens in china is a prominent reflection of the contradiction in the supply of preschool resources.
This study uses the China Family Panel Survey data, based on the social opportunity function, constructs the opportunity index (OI) and the Pro-poor index of opportunity (POI) to measure changes of educational opportunities in public kindergartens in China. The results found that
(1)From 2012 to 2018, the allocation efficiency of public kindergartens in China was not high, the average of educational opportunities in public kindergartens increased by 4.49%, and POI rose from 1.0001 to 1.126. The overall distribution of educational opportunities is pro-poor.
(2)From the perspective of urban and rural distribution, from 2012 to 2018, the educational opportunities of rural public kindergartens grew the fastest, and the opportunity distribution was the most pro-poor, while the educational opportunities of urban public kindergartens decreased slightly, and the opportunity distribution was not pro-poor.
(3)From the perspective of regional distribution, in the central and western regions, education opportunities in public kindergartenshave increased to a certain extent, but are also highly pro-poor. Although educational opportunities in public kindergartens in the eastern region have expanded, they are not pro-poor.
Suggestions to increase the output-to-investment ratio of educational resources in public kindergartens; optimize the supply of preschool education resources in the region to achieve "inclusive growth" of educational opportunities; pay more attention to public kindergartens attendences of "relatively poor" families in urban regions in China.

Authors:
Yang Tian, Nanjing Normal University, China


About the Presenter(s)
Dr yang tian is a University Doctoral Student at Nanjing normal uniersity in China

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00