The Long-Term Stability of Parent-Child Interaction Quality: A Longitudinal Study of Infants at 6 and 42 Months (74952)

Session Information: Mind, Brain & Psychology: Human Emotional & Cognitive Development & Outcomes within Educational Contexts
Session Chair: Shawnee McPhail

Thursday, 23 November 2023 12:50
Session: Session 3
Room: Room 708
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Background and Purpose
As the primary source of early stimulation and interaction, parenting quality is an influential environmental factor that can alter children’s development (Regueiro et al., 2022). Nevertheless, most research on parent-child interaction has focused on either mothers or fathers rather than considering the unique contributions of both parents (Hertz et al., 2019).
The purpose of this research is to investigate the long-term stability of parent-child interaction quality and provide a constructive parenting suggestion.

Method
The participants of the research were 39 Taiwanese infants and their parents. The parents interacted with their children respectively for 15 minutes when the child was 6- and 42-month-old. The investigators used the Parental Behavior Rating Scale-Revised to measure four aspects of parent-child interaction quality, including Responsiveness, Affection, Achievement orientation, Directiveness (Mahoney, 1999).

Result
Two aspects of mother-child interaction quality maintained long-term stability (responsiveness r=.55**, affection r=.49**, **p<.01). The result showed that once the maternal parenting styles are perhaps established, the mother-child interaction quality tends to maintain a certain degree of stability over time. On the other hand, the father-child interaction quality didn’t maintain stability. Unlike mothers, fathers seemed to adjust their parenting styles or behaviors based on their children's developmental stages or needs. Implication The findings suggest that mothers should possess positive parenting styles as early as possible, whereas fathers should not only be attentive to the developmental changes in their children, but also adjust their parenting behaviors accordingly to foster a favorable and long-term parent-child interaction quality.

Authors:
Pei-Chi Kuo, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan
Yu-Ju Chou, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan


About the Presenter(s)
Pei-Chi, Kuo is currently a PhD student of National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan.
Pei-Chi’s research sits at the intersection of child development, executive functions, Cognitive Neuroscience.

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00