Impacts of Education Reforms During Apartheid on Intergenerational Education Mobility in South Africa (75112)

Session Information: Educational Policy, Leadership, Management & Administration
Session Chair: Ana Marie Matalines

Thursday, 23 November 2023 09:25
Session: Session 1
Room: Room 604
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

This paper used the National Income Dynamic Survey (NIDS), the first longitudinal analysis of socio-economic status which began in 2008 for South Africa, to investigate the causal effects of two important education policies on intergenerational education mobility, including the Education and Training Act implemented in 1979 for African population and the establish of House of Representatives (HOR) in 1984 for coloured population. First, I estimated the intergenerational educational mobility among Africans, Coloureds and Whites, using the standard ordinary least squares (OLS) regression model. I found that the patterns of intergenerational education mobility are different in three racial groups from 1948 to 1997. Both Africans and Coloureds population present an upward trend of education mobility, while the trend of intergenerational education mobility for white population through the last 50 years is quite stable. Second, I estimate the effect of two education reforms on intergenerational education persistence. The identification strategy relies on a difference-in-differences (DID) approach. The results indicate that the 1984 reform reduced the intergenerational education persistence by 0.3 for Coloureds population, but the intergenerational mobility increased before the 1979 reform for Africans population.

Authors:
Yishan Shi, University College Dublin, Ireland


About the Presenter(s)
Ms Yishan Shi is a PhD candidate in Economics at University College Dublin.

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00