Education as a Tool for the Democratic Process: Evidence in Latin America (75770)

Session Information: Education & Politics
Session Chair: Warat Karuchit

Thursday, 23 November 2023 10:55
Session: Session 2
Room: Room 603
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Education is widely recognized as a catalyst for personal development, social progress and economic growth. However, the benefits of education go far beyond the individual level. Such effects give rise to a series of positive externalities, which spread throughout society. The most significant factors of this effect have played a very important role in making democracy a viable system. This conception, which begins with Tocqueville in 1835, is received in the academic scene with the work of Lipset (1959), who reports that education is fundamental to sustain a democratic system. In this sense, the objective of this work is to analyze the causal relationship between education and democracy. Taking advantage of the similarity of the historical-political context referenced by Latin America, we seek to objectively measure whether education improves the recognition of democracy as a social, economic and cultural condition that allows the free and equal exercise of political self-determination. To identify the causal effects of education on political behavior, we must take into account the factors that jointly determine educational choice and political behavior. Therefore, we will employ the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM), which makes it possible to control for the endogeneity problem of the dependent variable in the dynamic panel model and allows to control for omitted variable bias, measurement error and unobserved heterogeneity problems. The results found in this work provide convincing evidence for the causal relationship between education and democracy.

Igor Rodrigues, Enap – National School of Public Administration, Brazil

About the Presenter(s)
Dr Igor Rodrigues is an external Professor of Economics at the University of Brasília, Brazil. And he is a scientific disseminator at the National School of Public Administration, Brasília, Brazil. His research focuses on Educational Economics.

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00