Exploring the Influence of Gender and Social Economic Status on Attitude, Social Norm, Perceived Behavioral Control Towards Pro-environmental Behaviour (75816)

Session Information: Learning Experiences, Student Learning & Learner Diversity
Session Chair: Lilia Halim

Friday, 24 November 2023 10:15
Session: Session 1
Room: Room 607
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Climate change is a pressing issue that requires action from individuals and society. Theory of planned behaviour suggests attitude, social norm, and perceived behaviour control as key factors that influence pro-environmental behaviour among students. This research aims to explore the influence of gender and social economy status (SES) on attitude, social norm, and perceived behavioural control on climate actions. To investigate these relationships, a survey was conducted among 802 form 2 students (aged 14) from six states in Malaysia. A MANOVA analysis was conducted to analyse the influence and interactions of gender and SES on attitudes, social norms, perceived behavioural control in climate actions. The results indicate a statistically significant difference in terms of gender on the attitude, social norm, and perceived behavioural control towards pro-environmental behaviour. Therefore, promoting gender equality and challenging gender stereotypes can encourage more students to engage in pro-environmental behaviours. On the other hand, there was no significant findings in terms of socioeconomic status on students’ attitudes, social norm and perceived control behavioural on climate actions. The interaction between gender and socioeconomic status also does not yield a significant difference on the three independent variables. This research contributes valuable insights to the field of environmental psychology and sustainability by highlighting the interplay of psychological factors and sociodemographic variables in influencing climate actions. The results also can inform the development of interventions aimed at promoting climate change education among students of diversity.

Lilia Halim, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
Mee Yeang Chan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
Norshariani Abd-Rahman, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

About the Presenter(s)
Dr. Lilia Halim, is currently a Professor in Science Education, at the STEM Enculturation Research Center, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00