Balancing Curriculum Standards and High-Stakes Examination in China: Comparative Research on Instruction Between Shadow Education and Mainstream Education (75918)

Session Information: Teaching Experiences, Pedagogy, Practice & Praxis
Session Chair: Alan Meek

Friday, 24 November 2023 15:10
Session: Session 4
Room: Room 608
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Education is widely recognized as a ladder for upward social mobility in Chinese society, which fuels the Chinese enthusiasm for education, including both mainstream education and shadow education. Private tutoring mimics and supplements mainstream education, thus making the instruction of private tutors in the shadow education context function as a bridge with public school teachers in mainstream education. Instructors always struggle to reach a balance between curriculum standards and high-stakes assessments. China MOE requires schools and teachers unquestioned obedience to the curriculum standards, while the high-stakes assessment has a washback, which leads to measurement-driven instruction. In order to better understand this phenomenon, I construct the Instruction-Balance Model, which originated from Osgood-Schramm’s model in the field of communication, to discuss how an instructor qualifies to hold the roles including a decoder, interpreter, and encoder.
 
This mixed-methods study is a multi-phase study. Each phase analysis is for each role the instructor plays. In terms of theoretical contributions, this study introduces and contextualizes Osgood-Schramm's communication model to shadow education research. In terms of practical contributions, this study benefits the relevant stakeholders, including tutors, teachers, students, curriculum designers, and high-stakes examination item writers. In terms of methodological contributions, this study revises the SEC alignment model and Flanders interactive analysis system (FIAS) to match the theoretical framework and it even adds in content analysis to supplement the FIAS which neglects the teaching materials.

Authors:
Weilin Wang, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong


About the Presenter(s)
Mr Weilin Wang is a University Doctoral Student at University of Hong Kong in Hong Kong

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00